IoT in 2021

What is IoT

The internet of things, or IoT, is a system of interrelated computing devices, mechanical and
digital machines, objects, animals, or people that are provided with unique identifiers and the
ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction.

A “thing” in the internet of things can be a person with a heart monitor implant, a farm animal
with a biochip transponder, a vehicle that has built-in sensors to alert the driver when the tire
pressure is low or any other natural or man-made object that can be assigned an Internet
Protocol (IP) address and is able to transfer data over a network.

Increasingly, organizations in a variety of industries are using IoT to operate more efficiently,
better understand customers to deliver enhanced customer service, improve decision-making
and increase the value of the business.


How IoT works

Smartphones do play a large role in the IoT, however, because many IoT devices can be
controlled through an app on a smartphone. You can use your smartphone to communicate
with your smart thermostat, for example, to deliver the perfect temperature for you by the
time you get home from work. Another plus? This can eliminate unneeded heating or cooling
while you’re away, potentially saving you money on energy costs.

IoT devices contain sensors and mini-computer processors that act on the data collected by the
sensors via machine learning. Essentially, IoT devices are minicomputers, connected to the
internet, and are vulnerable to malware and hacking.

Machine learning is when computers learn in a similar way to humans — by collecting data
from their surroundings — and it is what makes IoT devices smart. This data can help the
machine learn your preferences and adjust itself accordingly. Machine learning is a type of
artificial intelligence that helps computers learn without having to be programmed by


What are the benefits of the IoT?

The Internet of Things is designed to make our lives more convenient. Here are a few examples:

• Smart bathroom scales working in tandem with your treadmill, delivering food
preparation ideas to your laptop or smartphone, so you stay healthy.
• Security devices monitoring your home, turning lights on and off as you enter and exit
rooms, and streaming video so you can check in while you’re away.
• Smart voice assistants placing your usual takeout order on command, making it a breeze
to get fresh food delivered to your door.


The history and future of IoT

It’s not science fiction. We are living connected lives filled with internet-enabled devices that
learn our preferences and provide the experiences we want to make our lives more convenient.
And the technology that makes it possible to connect our lives is expanding.

It all started in the early 1980s when Carnegie Mellon University students developed the first
internet-connected device. It was a Coke vending machine that would tell the programmers if
the soda was cold enough for them to want to make the trip from their desks to the machine.

Since then, the IoT has exploded. What about the future? Devices are growing smaller and
smarter. Eventually, everything from your toothbrush to your toaster may be connected to the
internet 24×7. Your gadgets will become household aides, each chatting with one another,
working to serve you better.


IoT technology – Conclusion

As IoT technology has already made itself comfortable in our homes, public spaces, offices, and
factories, and given the breakneck pace of its development, it seems that the hackneyed IoT
the phrase ‘anything that can be connected will be connected’ is ever closer to becoming our daily
reality. Therefore, the real question shouldn’t be about when this will happen, but rather how
the connections should be made to achieve the highest possible efficiency while retaining key
features like security and cost-effectiveness.

With this approach in mind, a deployment
envisaging a great number of low-power, low-bandwidth devices would require the use
of LwM2M, a lightweight protocol designed especially for the management of such resource-constrained machines.

Therefore, seen from such a practical perspective, the question of success
in case of given IoT applications seems to boil down to the choice of appropriate IoT technology
from the vast array of existing solutions.



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